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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Seafood List

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Updated March 2022

The Seafood List is FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood sold in Interstate Commerce. It is available as a searchable database. The Main search page will display the Type, the Acceptable Market Name, the Common Name, and the Scientific Name. A hyperlink from the Scientific Name will open a Detail Page with additional information for that species. See the list below for more details.

The Acceptable Market Name (and some common names that are not prohibited by regulation or law) may be used to label seafood products in interstate commerce. When there is no Acceptable Market Name in The Seafood List, or to determine if a different particular name is an Acceptable Market Name for use in interstate commerce, consult the Principles in Section VI of the Seafood List Guidance.

For questions and feedback regarding The Seafood List, please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at seafoodhaccp@fda.gov. You may submit either electronic or written comments on The Seafood List at any time. To ensure that the Agency considers your comment on The Seafood List, submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number FDA-1994-D-0221 (formerly 94D-0265).

The Seafood List is updated every six months, as resources permit, and summaries of those updates are posted on the Seafood List Guidance page. These updates include new additions to The Seafood List, any modifications to the scientific name (once the updated scientific nomenclature is agreed upon by the scientific community), and removal of any species that are endangered and not allowed to be sold in interstate commerce (U.S endangered species list): https://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/index.htm.

The Seafood List contains the following information:

  • Type: V indicates Vertebrate, I indicates Invertebrate, and I(C) indicates Invertebrate (Crustacean)
  • Acceptable Market Name (or Names)
  • Common Name (usually an English language name established by ichthyologists and other fishery experts)
  • An asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name(s) in the Seafood List indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name in The Seafood List identifies names that are prohibited by a law. Information on the specific rule, regulation, or law is displayed in the detailed information section (see below)
  • Scientific Names (Latin binaries)

A basic search on a name is the default search mode and is usually sufficient; however there is also an advanced search function when needed.

The Seafood List is sorted by default alphabetically (A to Z) on the Scientific Name column. Clicking on a different column heading in the Seafood List will sort the display alphabetically (A to Z) on the selected column; clicking on that heading a second time will sort the display in reverse order (Z to A).

Detailed information for a specific species is available by clicking on the Scientific Name hyperlink. A detail page will appear with the following information, if available.

  • Scientific Name (Latin binary).
  • Acceptable Market Name: an asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable rule or regulation.
  • Common Name: A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name identifies names that are prohibited by a law. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable law.
  • The DNA hyperlink provides access to DNA sequence data (barcodes) available for all holdings with that Scientific name in the DNA Sequence Library. Clicking each of the hyperlinks on the results page opens a detail page for that specimen with the barcode and other data.
  • The RFE hyperlink provides access to Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) images and data for that species.
  • The TSN hyperlink (Taxonomic Serial Number) provides access to taxonomic information from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).   disclaimer icon
  • The HAZ hyperlink provides access to Chapter 3: Potential Species Related and Processed Related Food Safety Hazards [PDF, 2.5 Mb] in the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance (FFPHCG). Some of the species in The Seafood List do not have an active HAZ hyperlink. This does not mean that no hazard exists for this species. It is the responsibility of the processor to review the information in the FFPHCG to determine if a potential species or process related hazard exists for a particular species.
  • Vernacular (regional) names are displayed on the detail pages . They may be searched below in the database to identify the acceptable names for a species. However, they are not acceptable names; they are included in the List ONLY for cross-reference, and their use may cause the fish to be misbranded. This listing is not complete and does not account for many names used around the world.
  • The Seafood List data for Type, Market Name, Common Name, and Scientific Name may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.csv format; see below).

Note: The basic data in the Seafood List is available to download. This includes Type, Common Name, FDA Market Name(s), and Scientific Name. The Seafood List data is updated twice a year, and the available download data will reflect those changes. A (*) symbol next to the Market Name indicates that a regulation pertains to that species; a dagger symbol (†) next to a Common Name indicates that a law pertains to that species. See the introduction above or the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.

The output is an Excel .csv file which may be opened or saved. It may be resaved as a standard Excel spreadsheet. Click on the Download Data link below to access the data.

Download The Seafood List data in Microsoft Excel web format Download data from this searchable database in Excel format. If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Search within these results
Records Found: 2029 Show All Page 38 of 41
Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name Scientific Name
V Puffer Checkered Puffer Sphoeroides testudineus
V Barracuda Pacific Barracuda Sphyraena argentea
V Barracuda Great Barracuda Sphyraena barracuda
V Barracuda Northern Sennet Sphyraena borealis
V Barracuda Vicuda Sphyraena ensis
V Barracuda Guaguanche Sphyraena guachancho
V Barracuda Japanese Barracuda Sphyraena japonica
V Barracuda Pickhandle Barracuda Sphyraena jello
V Shark or Hammerhead Scalloped Hammerhead Sphyrna lewini
V Shark or Hammerhead Great Hammerhead Sphyrna mokarran
V Shark or Bonnethead Bonnethead Sphyrna tiburo
V Shark or Hammerhead Smalleye Hammerhead Sphyrna tudes
V Shark or Hammerhead Smooth Hammerhead Sphyrna zygaena
V Picarel Blotched Picarel Spicara maena
V Smelt Night Smelt Spirinchus starksi
V Smelt Longfin Smelt Spirinchus thaleichthys
I Surfclam Atlantic Surfclam Spisula solidissima
I Oyster Spondylus spp.
V Sprat Sprat Sprattus spp.
V Sprat European Sprat Sprattus sprattus
V Shark, Dogfish or Shark, Cape Spiny Dogfish Squalus acanthias
V Shark, Dogfish or Shark, Cape Northern Dogfish Squalus blainville
V Dogfish Shark or Cape Shark North Pacific Spiny Dogfish Squalus suckleyi
V Shark, Angel Pacific Angel Shark Squatina californica
V Shark, Angel Atlantic Angel Shark Squatina dumeril
I(C) Mantis Shrimp Spot-tail Mantis Shrimp Squilla mantis
V Drum Star Drum Stellifer lanceolatus
V Drum Stellifer spp.
V Trout Inconnu Stenodus leucichthys
V Porgy Longspine Porgy Stenotomus caprinus
V Porgy or Scup Scup Stenotomus chrysops
V Bass Giant Sea Bass Stereolepis gigas
I Squid or Calamari Purpleback Flying Squid Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis
I Sea Cucumber Stichopus spp.
V Anchovy Teri Anchovy Stolephorus commersonnii
V Anchovy Anchovy Stolephorus spp.
I Jellyfish Cannonball Jellyfish Stomolophus meleagris
V Butterfish Southwest Atlantic Butterfish Stromateus brasiliensis
I Conch Florida Fighting Conch Strombus alatus
I Conch Milk Conch Strombus costatus
I Conch Queen Conch Strombus gigas
I Conch West Indian Fighting Conch Strombus pugilis
I Conch Strombus spp.
I Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus spp.
V Needlefish California Needlefish Strongylura exilis
I Sea Squirt or Tunicata Styela clava
I Sea Squirt or Tunicata Styela plicata
V Snapper Sailfin Snapper Symphorichthys spilurus
V Snapper Chinamanfish Symphorus nematophorus
V Bass Blackmouth Bass Synagrops bellus

Show All 

jump to page of 41 

Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name Scientific Name