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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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The Poisonous Plant database provides access to references in the scientific literature (primarily print literature through about 2007) describing studies and reports of the toxic properties and effects of plants and plant parts.

The information in this database is intended only for scientific exchange. It has not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for publication nor does it have any official status. The information is continually increasing and being modified; it is neither error-free not comprehensive. Information herein is in the public domain. Any copyrighted or privately owned material inadvertently included will be removed as soon as possible.

For information or concerns about the toxicity of plants, contact the local Poison Control Center in your area. A directory of these is available from The American Association of Poison Control Centers (http://www.aapcc.org/)

For poisoning emergency call 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call 911.

Search the FDA Poisonous Plant Database (Data updated May 2008)

    Enter a term or exact phrase (e.g., a plant name). All records containing the text will be displayed.
  • Use of common terms such as "poison" or "plant" will generate a large number of returns.
  • Searching on plant names will probably generate the most useful search results.
  • The details link provides a listing of all other plants cited in that particular reference, as well as the full text for abstracts.
  • Contact Fred Fry at frederick.fry@fda.hhs.gov to report problems or errors.

(search is not case-sensitive)

about 52 records meeting your search criteria returned for "Phytolacca americana "
AUTHOR(S): Ahmed, Z. F.; Zufall, C. J.; Jenkins, G. L.
TITLE:  A contribution to the chemistry and toxicology of the root of Phytolacca americana, L.
YEAR: 1949 CITATION: J Am Pharm Assoc Sci Ed, 38 442-448 [English]
FDA #: F07084
ABSTRACT: Abstract: The extraction of the dried powdered root according to the successive solvent extraction method, the general lead method and the Stas-Otto method did not establish the presence of an alkaloid, but did extablish the presence of the follow ...     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Barker, B. E.; Farnes, P.; Fanger, H.
TITLE:  Mitogenic activity in Phytolacca americana (pokeweed).
YEAR: 1965 CITATION: Lancet, 1 170 [English]
FDA #: F05652     See Details

AUTHOR(S): Barker, B. E.; Farnes, P.; LaMarche, P. H.
TITLE:  Peripheral blood plasmacytosis following systemic exposure to Phytolacca americana (pokeweed).
YEAR: 1966 CITATION: Pediatrics, 38(3), 490-493 [English]
FDA #: F16998
PubMED ID #: 5920416 Exit Disclaimer     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Barker, B. E.; Farnes, P.; LaMarche, P. H.
TITLE:  Haematological effects of pokeweed.
YEAR: 1967 CITATION: Lancet, 1(Feb 25), 437 [English]
FDA #: F05660     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Barnett, B. D.
TITLE:  Toxicity of pokeberries (fruit of Phytolacca americana Large) for turkey poults.
YEAR: 1975 CITATION: Poult Sci, 54(4), 1215-1217 [English]
FDA #: F09892
ABSTRACT: Fresh pokeberries were picked from the cluster and liquified in a blender for 3 to 5 minutes. The liquified berries were mixed into a standard turkey starter at the rate of 0, 2-1/2, 5 and 10%. Addition was at the expense of the total diet. Two separ ...     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Borjeson, J.; Reisfeld, R.; Chessin, L. N.; Welsh, P. D.; Douglas, S. D.
TITLE:  Studies on human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro. I. Biological and physicochemical properties of the pokeweed mitogen.
YEAR: 1966 CITATION: J Exp Med, 124(5), 859-872 [English]
FDA #: F10667
ABSTRACT: summary: the saline extract from the roots of Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) possesses three biological properties; hemagglutinin, leukagglutin, and mitogen. Fractionation and further purification on calcium phosphate column chromatogrpahy revealed ...     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Brooker, J.; Obar, C.; Courtemanche, L.
TITLE:  A fatality from Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) root ingestion.
YEAR: 2001 CITATION: J Toxicol Clin Toxicol, 39(5), 549-550 [English]
FDA #: NA     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Callahan, R.; Piccola, F.; Gensheimer, K.; Parkin, W. E.; Prusakowski, J.; Scheiber, G.; Henry, S.
TITLE:  Plant poisonings - New Jersey.
YEAR: 1981 CITATION: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 30(6), 65-67 [English]
FDA #: F07132
ABSTRACT:  Within a 2.5 month period in 1980, 27 New Jersey residents were poisoned, in 2 separate episodes, by eating wild plants. The poisonings were serious enough that 21 persons sought medical care; 4 were hospitalized. Pokeweed poisoning Passai ...     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Cattley, R. C.; Barnett, B. D.
TITLE:  The effect of pokeberry ingestion on immune response in turkeys.
YEAR: 1977 CITATION: Poult Sci, 56(1), 246-248 [English]
FDA #: F08255
ABSTRACT: The experiments were conducted to determine the effect of pokeberry ingestion on immune response in turkeys. In the first experiment, addition of pokeberries to a control diet at levels of 2.5% or 5.0% had no significant effect on feed consumption or ...     See Details
AUTHOR(S): Chessin, L. N.; Borjeson, J.; Welsh, P. D.; Douglas, S. D.; Cooper, H. L.
TITLE:  Studies on human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro. II. Morphological and biochemical studies on the transformation of lymphocytes by pokeweed mitogen.
YEAR: 1966 CITATION: J Exp Med, 124(5), 873-884 [English]
FDA #: F10674
ABSTRACT: summary: A study of the kinetics of RNA and DNA synthesis in PWM-stimulated lymphocytes revealed the RNA synthesis preceded the onset of DNA synthesis by approximately 24 h and that DNA synthesis and transformation was miximal between 66 to 78 hr. H ...     See Details

This sublist was generated on 09/20/2021