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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Seafood List

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Updated July 2022

The Seafood List is FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood sold in Interstate Commerce. It is available as a searchable database. The Main search page will display the Type, the Acceptable Market Name, the Common Name, and the Scientific Name. A hyperlink from the Scientific Name will open a Detail Page with additional information for that species. See the list below for more details.

The Acceptable Market Name (and some common names that are not prohibited by regulation or law) may be used to label seafood products in interstate commerce. When there is no Acceptable Market Name in The Seafood List, or to determine if a different particular name is an Acceptable Market Name for use in interstate commerce, consult the Principles in Section VI of the Seafood List Guidance.

For questions and feedback regarding The Seafood List, please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at seafoodhaccp@fda.gov. You may submit either electronic or written comments on The Seafood List at any time. To ensure that the Agency considers your comment on The Seafood List, submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number FDA-1994-D-0221 (formerly 94D-0265).

The Seafood List is updated every six months, as resources permit, and summaries of those updates are posted on the Seafood List Guidance page. These updates include new additions to The Seafood List, any modifications to the scientific name (once the updated scientific nomenclature is agreed upon by the scientific community), and removal of any species that are endangered and not allowed to be sold in interstate commerce (U.S endangered species list): https://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/index.htm.

The Seafood List contains the following information:

  • Type: V indicates Vertebrate, I indicates Invertebrate, and I(C) indicates Invertebrate (Crustacean)
  • Acceptable Market Name (or Names)
  • Common Name (usually an English language name established by ichthyologists and other fishery experts)
  • An asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name(s) in the Seafood List indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name in The Seafood List identifies names that are prohibited by a law. Information on the specific rule, regulation, or law is displayed in the detailed information section (see below)
  • Scientific Names (Latin binaries)

A basic search on a name is the default search mode and is usually sufficient; however there is also an advanced search function when needed.

The Seafood List is sorted by default alphabetically (A to Z) on the Scientific Name column. Clicking on a different column heading in the Seafood List will sort the display alphabetically (A to Z) on the selected column; clicking on that heading a second time will sort the display in reverse order (Z to A).

Detailed information for a specific species is available by clicking on the Scientific Name hyperlink. A detail page will appear with the following information, if available.

  • Scientific Name (Latin binary).
  • Acceptable Market Name: an asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable rule or regulation.
  • Common Name: A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name identifies names that are prohibited by a law. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable law.
  • The DNA hyperlink provides access to DNA sequence data (barcodes) available for all holdings with that Scientific name in the DNA Sequence Library. Clicking each of the hyperlinks on the results page opens a detail page for that specimen with the barcode and other data.
  • The RFE hyperlink provides access to Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) images and data for that species.
  • The TSN hyperlink (Taxonomic Serial Number) provides access to taxonomic information from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).   disclaimer icon
  • The HAZ hyperlink provides access to Chapter 3: Potential Species Related and Processed Related Food Safety Hazards [PDF, 2.5 Mb] in the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance (FFPHCG). Some of the species in The Seafood List do not have an active HAZ hyperlink. This does not mean that no hazard exists for this species. It is the responsibility of the processor to review the information in the FFPHCG to determine if a potential species or process related hazard exists for a particular species.
  • Vernacular (regional) names are displayed on the detail pages . They may be searched below in the database to identify the acceptable names for a species. However, they are not acceptable names; they are included in the List ONLY for cross-reference, and their use may cause the fish to be misbranded. This listing is not complete and does not account for many names used around the world.
  • The Seafood List data for Type, Market Name, Common Name, and Scientific Name may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.csv format; see below).

Note: The basic data in the Seafood List is available to download. This includes Type, Common Name, FDA Market Name(s), and Scientific Name. The Seafood List data is updated twice a year, and the available download data will reflect those changes. A (*) symbol next to the Market Name indicates that a regulation pertains to that species; a dagger symbol (†) next to a Common Name indicates that a law pertains to that species. See the introduction above or the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.

The output is an Excel .csv file which may be opened or saved. It may be resaved as a standard Excel spreadsheet. Click on the Download Data link below to access the data.

Download The Seafood List data in Microsoft Excel web format Download data from this searchable database in Excel format. If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Search within these results
Records Found: 82 Show 50 records at a time
Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name Scientific Name Vernacular
(Vernacular names are not acceptable names*)
V Jobfish or Snapper Smalltooth Jobfish Aphareus furca  
V Jobfish or Snapper Rusty Jobfish Aphareus rutilans  
V Jobfish or Snapper Green Jobfish Aprion virescens  
V Snapper Black Snapper Apsilus dentatus  
V Snapper African Forktail Snapper Apsilus fuscus  
V Bream Long-spined Red Bream Argyrops spinifer Redfin
King Soldierbream
Longspined Snapper
V Alfonsino Alfonsino Centroberyx affinis Red Snapper
Golden Snapper
King Snapper
V Toothfish or Chilean Seabass Patagonian Toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides Antarctic Cod
Sea Bass
V Snapper Ruby Snapper Etelis carbunculus Queen Snapper
Ula'ula Kuae
V Snapper Yellowstripe Snapper Etelis coruscans Ruby Snapper
V Snapper Queen Snapper Etelis oculatus Bleareyed Snapper
Night Snapper
V Pargo Striped Pargo Hoplopagrus guentherii Pargo Raisero
Greenbar Snapper
Mexican Barred Snapper
Barred Pargo
V Hogfish Hogfish Lachnolaimus maximus Common Hogfish
Perro Perro
V Snapper Guinean Snapper Lutjanus agennes  
V Snapper Mutton Snapper Lutjanus analis  
V Snapper Mullet Snapper Lutjanus aratus  
V Snapper Mangrove Red Snapper Lutjanus argentimaculatus  
V Snapper Amarillo Snapper Lutjanus argentiventris  
V Snapper Twinspot Snapper Lutjanus bohar Twospot Snapper
Whitespotted Snapper
Twospot Red Snapper
V Snapper Blackfin Snapper Lutjanus buccanella Boucanello
Red Snapper
V Snapper or Red Snapper Red Snapper Lutjanus campechanus Northern Red Snapper
Caribbean Red Snapper
Mexican Snapper
V Snapper Colorado Snapper Lutjanus colorado Huachinango
Red Snapper
Pargo Colorado
V Snapper Cubera Snapper Lutjanus cyanopterus Cuban Snapper
V Snapper Crimson Snapper Lutjanus erythropterus  
V Snapper Blacktail Snapper Lutjanus fulvus Flame Colored Snapper
Red-margined Seaperch
V Snapper Humpback Snapper Lutjanus gibbus Paddletail
Hunched Snapper
Humpback Red Snapper
Red Snapper
V Snapper Pink Snapper Lutjanus goreensis  
V Snapper Gray Snapper Lutjanus griseus Mangrove Snapper
Pargo Prieto
V Snapper Rose Snapper Lutjanus guttatus Mutton Snapper
Pargo Chibato
V Snapper Golden Snapper Lutjanus inermis  
V Snapper Dog Snapper Lutjanus jocu  
V Snapper John's Snapper Lutjanus johnii Blackspot Snapper
Plainscaled Snapper
Thailand Snapper
Spotted Scale Seaperch
V Snapper Rufous Snapper Lutjanus jordani Huachinango
Red Snapper
Jordan's Snapper
V Snapper Bluestriped Snapper Lutjanus kasmira Bluebanded Snapper
Yellow and Blue Seaperch
V Snapper Gold-striped Snapper Lutjanus lutjanus  
V Snapper Mahogany Snapper Lutjanus mahogoni  
V Snapper Malabar Snapper Lutjanus malabaricus Scarlet Seaperch
Red Bream
Malabar Red Snapper
Malabar Blood Snapper
V Snapper Onespot Snapper Lutjanus monostigma Kakaka
Red Snapper
Blackspot Mayamaya
V Snapper Pacific Dog Snapper Lutjanus novemfasciatus Pacific Cubera Snapper
Pargo Prieto
Pargo Moreno
Pargo Negro
V Snapper Pacific Snapper Lutjanus peru Pacific Red Snapper
V Snapper Caribbean Red Snapper Lutjanus purpureus Southern Red Snapper
V Snapper Five-lined Snapper Lutjanus quinquelineatus  
V Snapper Blubberlip Snapper Lutjanus rivulatus Speckled Snapper
V Snapper or Scarlet Snapper Bloodred Snapper Lutjanus sanguineus Blood Snapper
Saddletailed Seaperch
Red Bream
Red Jaw
Humphead Snapper
V Snapper Emperor Snapper Lutjanus sebae  
V Snapper Lane Snapper Lutjanus synagris Spot Snapper
Redtail Snapper
Silk Snapper
V Snapper Silk Snapper Lutjanus vivanus West Indian Snapper
Day Snapper
Longfin Red Snapper
V Snapper Midnight Snapper Macolor macularis  
V Snapper Black and White Snapper Macolor niger  
V Morwong Blue Morwong Nemadactylus carponotatus Queen Snapper
V Snapper Yellowtail Snapper Ocyurus chrysurus  
V Porgy or Sea Bream Squirefish Pagrus auratus Red Hawaiian Porgy
Australia Red Seabream
Red Bream
New Zealand Tai
New Zealand Medai
Old Man Snapper
Red Hawaiian Porgy
V Porgy or Sea Bream Red Porgy Pagrus pagrus Sea bream
Pink Porgy
Silver Snapper
V Snapper Saddleback Snapper Paracaesio kusakarii  
V Snapper Yellowtail Blue Snapper Paracaesio xanthura  
V Snapper Pinjalo Pinjalo pinjalo  
V Bluefish Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix Tailor
V Jobfish or Snapper Wenchman Pristipomoides aquilonaris  
V Jobfish or Snapper Crimson Jobfish Pristipomoides filamentosus  
V Jobfish or Snapper Goldeneye Jobfish Pristipomoides flavipinnis Yelloweye Opakapaka
Silk Snapper
V Jobfish or Snapper Cardinal Snapper Pristipomoides macrophthalmus  
V Jobfish or Snapper Goldbanded Jobfish Pristipomoides multidens  
V Jobfish or Snapper Lavender Jobfish Pristipomoides sieboldii  
V Jobfish or Snapper Sharptooth Jobfish Pristipomoides typus  
V Jobfish or Snapper Oblique-banded Snapper Pristipomoides zonatus Brigham's Snapper
V Snapper Vermilion Snapper Rhomboplites aurorubens Beeliner
Clubhead Snapper
Night Snapper
V Rockfish Widow Rockfish Sebastes entomelas Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Yellowtail Rockfish Sebastes flavidus Pacific Red Snapper
Green Rockfish
V Rockfish Chilipepper (Fish) Sebastes goodei Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Shortbelly Rockfish Sebastes jordani Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Cowcod Sebastes levis Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Black Rockfish Sebastes melanops Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Vermilion Rockfish Sebastes miniatus Pacific Red Snapper
V Perch, Ocean Golden Redfish Sebastes norvegicus Redfish
Sea Perch
V Rockfish Speckled Rockfish Sebastes ovalis Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Bocaccio Sebastes paucispinis Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Canary Rockfish Sebastes pinniger Pacific Red Snapper
Orange Rockfish
V Rockfish Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus Pacific Red Snapper
Rasphead Rockfish
V Rockfish Bank Rockfish Sebastes rufus Pacific Red Snapper
V Rockfish Olive Rockfish Sebastes serranoides Pacific Red Snapper
V Snapper Sailfin Snapper Symphorichthys spilurus Blue and Gold Striped Snapper
V Snapper Chinamanfish Symphorus nematophorus  

Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name Scientific Name Vernacular
(Vernacular names are not acceptable names*)