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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Seafood List

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Updated January 2024

The Seafood List (SFL) is FDA's Guidance to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood sold in Interstate Commerce. It is provided as a searchable database to assist with naming of species of fish. This Main search page displays the Type of fish, Acceptable Market Name(s), Common Name(s), and Scientific Name. A hyperlink from the Scientific Name will open a Detail Page with additional information for that species to include the following when available: DNA sequence information, the Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN), link to the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance when hazards reasonably likely to occur have been identified, and vernacular name(s). Refer to the information below for explanations of the information available in the Seafood List.

The Acceptable Market Name and the Common Names, not prohibited by law, rule, or regulation, may be used to label seafood products in interstate commerce. Consult “Section VI. Principles for Determining Acceptable Names” of the Guidance for Industry: The Seafood List FDA’s Guide to Determine Acceptable Seafood Names (Seafood List Guidance) when no Acceptable Market Name is available and to determine a particular acceptable market name for use in interstate commerce.

Under the Endangered Species Act, anyone under the jurisdiction of the US is prohibited from selling and/or offering to sell endangered species in interstate or foreign commerce. Refer to the Endangered Species Act Implementation | NOAA Fisheries website for additional provisions to include prohibited actions. Endangered species should not be identified on the Seafood List. As the endangered species listings evolve, endangered species may inadvertently be on the Seafood List. Consult the endangered species lists at Species Directory | NOAA Fisheries, or ECOS: Species Reports (fws.gov) to determine whether the species is identified as an endangered species. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to ensure endangered species are not offered for sale in interstate commerce in the U.S. Please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at seafoodhaccp@fda.gov if an endangered species is listed in the Seafood List.

The Seafood List is updated every six months, as resources permit. Summaries of the updates are posted on the Seafood List Guidance page. The updates include new listings, and modifications to existing listings to include scientific names based on updated scientific nomenclature.

For questions and feedback regarding The Seafood List, please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at seafoodhaccp@fda.gov. You may submit either electronic or written comments regarding The Seafood List at any time. To ensure that the Agency considers your comment regarding The Seafood List, submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number FDA-1994-D-0221 (formerly 94D-0265).

Searching the SFL: A “Basic Search” is the default search mode for finding a species which is usually sufficient; however, the “Advanced Search” and “Field Search” tabs are available for selective searching options.

The Seafood List is sorted alphabetically (A to Z) by default using the “Scientific Name” column. Clicking on a different column heading in the Seafood List will sort the list alphabetically (A to Z) by that column. Double clicking on the sorted header will reverse the display order (Z to A).

The Seafood List contains the following information either on the Main Search Page (MSP) or the Detail Page (DP):

  • Type: indicates the classification of the fish. The abbreviations are as follows: V = Vertebrate; I = Invertebrate; and I(C) = Invertebrate (Crustacean). Located on the MSP.
  • Acceptable Market Name(s): identifies the species of fish to the U.S. consumers. Located on the MSP and DP.
  • Common Name(s): identifies additional names of a specific fish to the U.S. consumer. Located on the MSP and DP.
  • (*) Asterisk symbol1: indicates the Acceptable Market Name(s) that must be used for that species since it has been established by a law, rule, or regulation. A link to the specific law, rule, or regulation is provided on the Detail Page for reference. Located on the MSP and DP.
  • (†) Dagger symbol1: indicates the Common Name is prohibited by a law, rule or regulation. A link to the specific law, rule, or regulation is provided on the Detail Page for reference. Located on the MSP and DP.
  • Scientific Names: is the Latin name of the fish species identified through binomial nomenclature which are assigned by taxonomists in the scientific literature. Located on the MSP and DP.
  • Vernacular Name(s): identifies names that are not acceptable for use and may cause the fish to be misbranded. They are included in the Seafood List for cross-reference purposes ONLY. Vernacular names are regional names that may assist a search of the database to identify the acceptable names or common names for a species. This listing is not complete and does not account for many names used around the world. Red print has been used to emphasize that the vernacular name should not be used. Located on the MSP (when used for the search) and DP.
  • DNA identifier: Hyperlinks are provided to DNA sequence information contained in the FDA Reference Standard Sequence Library for Seafood Identification (RSSL) that can be used to confirm the identity of many of the species in the Seafood List. It should be noted that for some closely related species, additional gene regions may be required. Additional DNA sequences will be added as they become available. A hyperlink to reference sequences for the specific species is provided on the DP only.
  • Law: Identifies and hyperlinks to the statutory law, rule, or regulation when the asterisks (*) or dagger (†) symbols are present. Located on the DP only.
  • TSN: identifies the Taxonomic Serial Number assigned by the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). A hyperlink to the specific species is provided on the DP only.
  • HAZ: identifies there is a potential hazard reasonably likely to occur with this species. A hyperlink on the DP provides access to Chapter 3: Potential Species Related and Processed Related Food Safety Hazards [PDF] in the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance (The Guide). Some of the species in The Seafood List do not have an active HAZ hyperlink. This does not mean that no hazard exists for this species. It is the responsibility of the processor to review the information in The Guide and elsewhere to determine if a potential species or process related hazard exists for a particular species.

Footnote 1: Historically FDA (we) has used the asterisk (*) and dagger (†) symbols to denote specific names identified in laws, rules, or regulations, that can only be used on certain fish and those that are prohibited from use; however, we have also used the symbols to draw attention to names so industry does not utilize that name or a variation thereof for naming other fish species.

Download the SFL: The basic data in the Seafood List is available for download to include the following fields: Type, Acceptable Market Name(s), Common Name(s), and Scientific Name. The Seafood List data is updated twice a year. The output is an Excel .csv file which may be opened or saved as .csv or standard Excel format. Click on the Download Data link below to access the data.

Note: The asterisk (*) can be searched from the “Acceptable Market Name(s)” or “Common Name(s)” by entering (*) in the search field. The dagger (†) can be searched from the “Common Name(s)” by entering &dagger in the search field.

Download The Seafood List data in Microsoft Excel web format Download data from this searchable database in Excel format. If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Search within these results
Records Found: 18 Page 1 of 1
Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name(s) Scientific Name Vernacular
(Vernacular names are not acceptable market names)
V Tuna (*) Slender Tuna Allothunnus fallai  
V Tuna (*) Bullet Tuna Auxis rochei Frigate Tuna
Plain Bonito
Bullet Mackerel
V Tuna (*) Frigate Tuna Auxis thazard  
V Tuna (*) Kawakawa Euthynnus affinis Little Tunny
Black Skipjack
Mackerel Tuna
V Tuna (*) Spotted Tunny Euthynnus alletteratus Little Tuna
False Albacore
Little Tunny
V Tuna (*) Black Skipjack Euthynnus lineatus  
V Bonito (*) Dogtooth Tuna Gymnosarda unicolor  
V Tuna (*) Skipjack Tuna Katsuwonus pelamis Ocean Bonito
Lesser Tuna
V Escolar or Oilfish Escolar Lepidocybium flavobrunneum White Tuna
V Amberjack Buri Seriola quinqueradiata Hamachi
Racing Tuna
V Tuna (*) Albacore Thunnus alalunga Germon
Longfinned Tuna
T. Germo
V Tuna (*) Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus albacares  
V Tuna (*) Blackfin Tuna Thunnus atlanticus  
V Tuna (*) Southern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus maccoyii  
V Tuna (*) Bigeye Tuna Thunnus obesus  
V Tuna (*) Pacific Bluefin Tuna Thunnus orientalis  
V Tuna (*) Bluefin Tuna Thunnus thynnus Albacore
Giant Bluefin
Northern Bluefin Tuna
Oriental Tuna
V Tuna (*) Longtail Tuna Thunnus tonggol Bluefin Tuna
Northern Bluefin Tuna

Type Acceptable
Market Name(s)
Common Name(s) Scientific Name Vernacular
(Vernacular names are not acceptable market names)